(The Trial of Lizzie Borden) PDF READ × Cara Robertson
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- The Trial of Lizzie Borden
- Cara Robertson
- 13 December 2020
Cara Robertson È 8 Free read
Read ✓ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF È Cara Robertson Cara Robertson È 8 Free read characters The Trial of Lizzie Borden Econd Street courtesy of Fall River Historical SocietyIf she imagined a new life as the matriarch ensconced in a fond family circle Abby made a poor bargain Emma fourteen at the time of her fathers remarriage resisted any maternal overtures she always referred to Abby by her first name and never as Mother Perhaps her grief foreclosed a warmer relationship with the woman she viewed as her mothers replacement Mary Ashton Rice Liver a friend of the first Mrs Borden and later a pioneering suffragist believed that Emma had never ceased to regard Abby D Borden as in some sense a usurper in the household in which at least one member cherished with jealous regard the sweet memories of a sanctified mother Emma may have felt she served as mother to Lizzie and resented Abbys intrusion Much later Emma explained When my darling mother was on her deathbed she summoned me and exacted a promise that I would always watch over Baby Lizzie Abby Borden courtesy of Fall River Historical SocietyAbby may have hoped forfrom her younger stepdaughter but there too she experienced a certain froideur Lizzie did call Abby Mother but she confided only in her older sister Emma As Lizzie herself put it she always went to Emma Lizzie also had a special rapport with her father Andrew Borden wore no ring to commemorate his marriage to Abby but when his favorite daughter Lizzie gave him a thin gold ring he promptly put it on his finger and wore it until his death Lizzie was Andrews namesakechristened Lizzie Andrew Bordenand it suited her Like her father she was forthrighta friend called her a monument of straightforwardnessand resolute Lizzie later said that Andrew may have been close in money matters but I never asked him for anything that I wanted very much that I didnt get though sometimes I had to ask two or three times Having perhaps married without affection Abby also lacked the consolations of authority Her husband retained tight control over the finances and her grown stepdaughters appeared to prefer their own company receiving occasional visitors in the upstairs guest room As family friend and former neighbor Alice Russell would later remark Mrs Borden did not control the house the whole summing up of it was that When John Grouard arrived to paint the Borden house in May Andrew told him that Lizzie was to select the color and I better not go on with it until the color was determined Lizzie did not approve of the tubs he had mixed she supervised the remixing to the perfect shade of dark drab In another sign of Abbys lesser status her stepdaughters received the same allowance as she did For Lizzie and Emma it was pin money for whatever extras they might enjoy Abbys allowance went toward household expenses Yet she seemed to accept her lot According to her own stepmother Abby was a closed mouth woman who could bear a great deal and say nothing Abbys attempt to help her half sister transformed her stepdaughters chilly tolerance to open animosity Abbys father left his house to his wife Jane Gray and their daughter Sarah Whitehead Abbys stepmother wanted to sell her half of the property but Sarah did not have the funds to buy her share At Abbys reuest in Andrew purchased Mrs Grays half interest and put it in Abbys name to allow Sarah and her husband to live there rent free His daughters objected to his spousal solicitude What he did for Abby Lizzie and Emma believed he should do for his own flesh and blood Andrew sought to appease his daughters by transferring property of eual value into their names This effort at eualization was not a success Instead Andrews purchase of the Whitehead house raised the tension in the Borden household to the surface Thereafter Bridget served two sittings of each meal because the daughters refused to eat with their parents and neither daughter would speak to Abby except in response to a direct uestion We always spoke Emma later explained Lizzie pointedly began referring to Abby as Mrs Borden her stepmother and expressed her hostility toward Abby to anyone who asked In March Lizzie chastised her dressmaker for referring to Abby as her mother She said Dont say that to me for she is a mean good for nothing thing Augusta Tripp Lizzies friend and former classmate said Lizzie told me she thought her stepmother was deceitful being one thing to her face and another to her back As Abbys own stepmother Jane Gray succinctly put it I told Mrs Borden I would not change places with her for all her money Emma Borden courtesy of Fall River Historical SocietyMoney was the source of other dissatisfactions in the household Andrew Bordens miserly habitsin particular his refusal to live on the Hill the neighborhood of choice for the Fall River eliteplaced his daughters in virtual social uarantine Lizzie in particular did not appreciate her fathers determined economies and she freely indicated her unhappiness with her living conditions As Alice Russell astutely explained He was a very plain living man he did not care for anything different It always seemed to me as if he did not see why they should care for anything different She elaborated They had uite refined ideas and they would like to have been cultured girls Lizzies estranged uncle Hiram Harrington was less charitable She thought she should entertain as others did and felt that with her fathers wealth she was expected to hold her end up with the other members of her set Her fathers constant refusal to entertain lavishly angered her In just prior to her thirtieth birthday Lizzie Borden briefly experienced an unwonted measure of freedom when her father sent her on a Grand Tour of.characters The Trial of Lizzie Borden
Read ✓ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF È Cara Robertson Cara Robertson È 8 Free read characters The Trial of Lizzie Borden The Trial of Lizzie Borden Chapter SOMEBODY WILL DO SOMETHING View of Fall River block including D R Smiths drugstore courtesy of Fall River Historical SocietyOn the morning of August Eli Bence was working at D R Smiths drugstore on South Main Street in Fall River Massachusetts when a woman entered the store to ask for ten cents worth of prussic acid Prussic acid is a diluted form of hydrocyanic acid a uick acting poisontransparent colorless and volatile As the New Bedford Evening Standard later reported If a person wished to kill and avoid detection and that person were wise hydrocyanic acid would be the first choice among all deadly drugs The woman however volunteered that she needed the prussic acid to put on the edge of a sealskin cape Bence refused her reuest explaining that prussic acid was sold only on doctors orders Although he recognized her as Miss Borden it was not until another man whispered This is Andrew J Bordens daughter that he looked at herclosely and noticed what he would later term her peculiar expression around the eyes She insisted that she had purchased the poison on prior occasions but he stood firm She departed unsatisfied It was not the end of the story Lizzie Andrew Borden courtesy of Fall River Historical Society Lizzie Borden lived on Second Street near the bustling commercial center of Fall River Massachusetts In the Borden household at Second Street consisted of Andrew Borden his second wife Abby his grown daughters Emma and Lizzie and the familys domestic servant Bridget Sullivan An occasional houseguest John V Morsethe brother of Andrew Bordens first wiferounded out the mnage Neither of the Borden daughters each past thirty appeared likely to marry Because their father was a man of conseuence their material comfort seemed assured Yet it was not a happy home The Bordens did not parade their difficulties but as many commented things were not as pleasant at the Borden house as they might be Andrew Jackson Borden courtesy of Fall River Historical SocietyA tall gaunt and severe looking man Andrew Borden was a walking advertisement for the then popular science of physiognomy his character was an exact match for his appearance As the Bordens former neighbor Alice Russell put it He was a plain living man with rigid ideas and very set His brother in law Hiram Harrington remarked He was too hard for me In some respects this was not surprising Andrew Borden was a self made man He had earned histhan uarter million dollar fortune through a combination of financial acumen and hard work but he had maintained that position through a determined frugality As one newspaper reported He was what is called close fisted but suare and just in his dealings He liked to boast that in his years of business he had never borrowed a cent Andrew Borden had begun his career as a cabinetmaker providing furniture for the dead as well as the living An advertisement in the Fall River Daily Evening News read Keep constantly on hand Burial Cases and Coffins Ready made of all kinds now in use in this section of the country Borden and his partner William Almy sold furniture at lower prices than can be bought elsewhere in this city Andrew parlayed his interest intodiverse commercial endeavors ultimately serving as president of the Union Savings Bank a member of its board of trustees a director of the Merchants Manufacturing Company the BMC Durfee Safe Deposit and Trust Company the Globe Yarn Mill Company and the Troy Cotton and Woolen Manufactory But his most significant holdings were in real estate and he never made a purchase of land for which he was not ready to pay cash down He owned farmland across the Taunton River in Swansea and in he built what was described as one of the finest business blocks in the city located at the corner of South Main and Anawan streets It was to this the A J Borden building a physical manifestation of his standing in Fall River that he directed his steps every morning A J Borden building courtesy of Fall River Historical SocietyHis own domestic arrangements were muchmodest In the Bordens moved from Ferry Street Andrews fathers home to the house on Second Street It was a step over not a step up Andrew Borden turned the former two family house with separate floors for each family into a two story residence for his family During this renovation he removed the upstairs faucet leaving only the large soapstone sinks in the kitchen and cellar serviced by a cold water tank The following year he connected the house to the city water supply giving the occupants a flushable water closet in the cellar But that was the extent of the houses luxuries Everyone in the Borden household as the reporter Julian Ralph later put it was his or her own chambermaid Andrew Borden married twice His first wife Sarah Morse Borden had grown up on a farm They married on Christmas evening in She brought him no dowry but bore him three daughters two of whomEmma and Lizziesurvived infancy She herself died of uterine congestion and disease of spine in March Two years after Sarahs death Andrew married Abby Gray As a couple they resembled the fairy tale SprattsAndrew long and lean Abby short and plump Andrew Borden needed a housekeeper and a mother for his children Abbys feelings for Andrew were never recorded but his offer must have been tempting to a thirty seven year old spinster from a family continually skirting financial distress Or perhaps it was her own fathers remarriage to a comely widow and the subseuent birth of a daughter that prompted her decision to leave the increasingly crowded family home Borden house on S.
Read ✓ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF È Cara Robertson
Read ✓ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF È Cara Robertson Cara Robertson È 8 Free read characters The Trial of Lizzie Borden Europe in the company of other unmarried women of her acuaintance In their shared cabin during the return voyage Lizzie confided to her distant cousin Anna Borden her unwillingness to return to the house on Second Street with sufficient vehemence that Anna was able to recount the conversation three years later Yet return she did at which point her father gave her a sealskin cape The motivation for such extravagant gifts is unclear Andrew Borden was a man who calculated the probable returns on his investments carefully and the record discloses no other comparable generosity toward his daughters After all their weekly allowance remained set at four dollarsless than the weekly wage of a female spinner in the local mills Less than a year after Lizzies return from Europe at the end of June the Borden household was the scene of a mysterious crime Captain Dennis Desmond reported to Second Street to learn the odd particulars Abbys jewelry drawer had been rifled and some trinketsmost notably a gold watch and chain of particular sentimental valuewere missing Andrews desk had also been denuded of about in cash to in gold and several commemorative streetcar tickets Although the theft occurred in the middle of the day none of the women in the houseneither Bridget nor Emma nor Lizzieclaimed to have heard a sound When the police arrived Lizzie Borden excitedly led them on a tour of the house and showed them the lock on the downstairs cellar door which had apparently been forced open with a or penny nail She suggested Someone might have come in that way Desmond was stunned by the interlopers good fortune the thief had broken in and discovered the Bordens bedroom without attracting the attention of the women in the house Andrew Borden noticed that the thief could only have entered through Lizzies bedroom and three times told Desmond I am afraid the police will not be able to find the real thief The police were baffled or at least thought better of voicing their suspicions Andrew Borden called off the investigation and attempted to keep word of the theft out of the papers Though the incident was officially forgottenor suppressedby the police and by the Bordens Andrew Borden left the household with a daily reminder of his suspicion He locked his bedroom every day and then left the key in the sitting room in plain sight Because the house had no central halls the upstairs bedrooms opened onto each other The elder Bordens also securely locked their connecting door which opened into Lizzies room Emmas room was only accessible through Lizzies room For her part Lizzie moved furniture to block her side of the connecting doors As a result the Borden house may have been the most elaborately secured domicile in town for the front door was triple locked and family members elaborately locked and unlocked their bedrooms and bureaus throughout the day Abby was acutely aware of her stepdaughters feelings but it was not until August two days before her death that she considered them life threatening Despite the oppressive heat of summer the Bordens ate leftover swordfish That evening the elder Bordens spent a nauseated sleepless night and Bridget and Lizzie experienced a milder form of the same malady Emma was not at home she had been away for nearly two weeks visiting friends in Fairhaven Though such incidents were common in Fall Riverthey were collouially known as the summer complaintAbby did not view her distress as typical Instead on the following morning she went across the street to her doctors house and confided that she thought she had been poisoned Learning of their fish dinner Dr Seabury Bowen was not alarmed but he did accompany Abby back across the street to examine Andrew who refused his medical expertise In fact the Borden patriarch stood angrily on the threshold blocking Dr Bowens entrance and shouting that he would not pay the doctor for the visit The subject might have remained closed but the householdwith the exception of Lizziefell ill again that evening after a meal of mutton stew The prosecutor would later argue that the happenstance of food poisoning was an illness suggestive of an opportunity to a person desiring to procure the deaths of one or other of those people That same evening Lizzie paid a call on her friend and former neighbor Alice Russell and confided her fears She believed the milk had been poisoned and alluded to nebulous threats against her father by unnamed men Alice Russell was a sensible woman and she pointed out the absurdity of Lizzies fears Despite Miss Russells reassurance Lizzie spoke of her uneasiness and sense of foreboding remarking I feel as if something was hanging over me that I cannot throw off and it comes over me at times no matter where I am She added I dont know but somebody will do somethingEnthralling Robertson reopens the case and presents the evidence afresh all those alluring details out of an Agatha Christie novel the mystery of Lizzies burned dress the curious disappearance of a hatchet handle The reader is to serve as judge and jury Parul Sehgal The New York TimesWith deft storytelling and convincing scholarship Cara Robertson does the seemingly impossible by bringing new life to perhaps our oldest true crime saga the Gilded Age case of Lizzie Borden By giving us Fall River Massachusetts in full and in context as well as the panoply of characters who made the trial so sensational Robertson has written that rarest of things a page turner with a point Jon Meacham author of The Soul of AmericaA fascinating social history Mary Higgins Clark bestselling author of Ive Got My Eyes on You.