(Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant

READ & DOWNLOAD Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft

Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft

READ & DOWNLOAD Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft Immanuel Kant µ 7 SUMMARY READ & DOWNLOAD ↠ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB µ Immanuel Kant Ar de grondslag en de betekenis van het geloof wat mag ik hopen vinden we reeds in de drie grote Kritieken van Kant maar de meest uitvoerige behandeling ervan treffen we aan in de in 1793 verschenen tek. When I was a youngster I had to attend church regularly I went through the confirmation process to become an official member of the Methodist Church but the entire experience never touched me either emotionally or intellectually I understood that the underlying idea was to come together with others with the guiding principle to be kind to one another but the theology and the Bible appeared utterly archaic unbelievable and with no application to modern life Virgin birth Raising the dead Eternal life or eternal damnation It was nothing to me than a very elaborate fairy tale with an almost childish emphasis on threat and promise that said nothing at all about the real world I came away from it with no inclination to follow any religion and genuine puzzlement at how any intelligent person could be religious that is having a faith with no evidence to support itLittle did I know that the 18th century had produced a man deeply concerned with religion being compatible with reason understandably so at a time when reason was sweeping all before it in a new appreciation of the world that produced undeniable provable laws of nature which religion over many centuries had been speaking of with no concrete understanding at all For the lack of anything to compete with it humanity accepted the tales of who and what we are that were told by unknown writers who texts were declared god given Immanuel Kant attempted to address my inability to place religion in a rational world view 200 years before I was born and he makes an impressive case without ever bringing the supernatural into the picture I was all earsFor Kant undeniably a Christian and a Protestant there is only a single religion it is open to human beings by way of our innate ability to reason and it has as a foundation the duty of each individual to follow the moral law as a free choice with the goal of each one valuing all others and being valued by them This religion is timeless outside of history and universalThat s it No dogma no theology no clergy no established church Who could not be impressed uite a few who are invested in any one of the plurality of what we commonly call religion who do not appreciate the specifics of their particular version of what they hold to be truth being called irrelevantThis multitude of religions Kant calls faiths A faith is local historical and tied to specific events As such none of them have universal appeal and all reuire beliefs to be held about why the world came to be Christianity being no exceptionKant says of a deity that even if it exists there is no way that human beings can have any idea of the nature of such a thing let alone know what it wants This makes revelation meaningless Praise is pointless Going through routines to show obedience such as doing good deeds or confessing or even going to church do not earn salvation All of the elaborate liturgies houses of worship and daily religious habits such as prayer are theater but for one thing that they appeal to the common man for whom the abstract idea of duty to morality as the supreme good in itself cannot be grasped Thus we have the many ecclesiastical churches as Kant terms them with their sacred stories and characters that at their best can only point one in the direction of the one universal church standing outside of timeThis is heady stuff but Kant s analysis of the Christian faith is marvelous Calling it the sole faith dedicated to universal morality Kant proceeds to dissect the story of Christ as a way of relating the religion of reason to the mind of man It is in this discussion that it dawned on me why the preposterous stories of the Bible could make some kind of sense whereas looking at them at face value for me did notKant writes that Christ being half human and half divine is a way of telling you and me that achieving a moral life is not beyond human capacity we can make the attempt as well The details of Jesus life are not important nor is he himself important as a figure in history He may not have existed as he is described and that doesn t matter It is only through the interpretation of the story that we gain anything of value and the same can be said of other religions that have their own important stories and persons All alike point to the one universal timeless church of reasonStudying the Bible or any sacred text to guide morality is not productive There is no one right reading of any part of the Bible but any part of the Bible can be made to show moral value through interpretation Attempting to see the Bible as a whole that must tie together without contradiction or even to be consistent as a prescription for behavior is impossible as is the belief that it is the word of a god Kant takes uotations from the Bible freuently to illustrate their meaning in support of the church of reason and his reasoning is uite powerful but it is clear that a moral life is uite possible without reference to any religious textWhat he is driving at is that it all comes down to you and even then you cannot know if you have succeeded in always choosing the right path in life You are not ualified to be the judge of the content of your heart the root of your behavior The best any person can do is to make the maxim of valuing all others as ends rather than means hisher duty to observe at all times To be able to look back on past behavior can provide feedback that one is on the right path but never complacency as the challenge does not end until one s life ends Even at the end one still cannot be the judge of oneself Here again positing an all seeing god capable of knowing our heart is an aid in helping us to believe we have the chance of salvation as grace received by an imperfect being from one that is as perfection itself in a position to judge This shows the practicality of the faiths mankind knows while not saying they are trueKant makes a very powerful case and in the process takes an extensive look at what has been called evil From what I ve written so far you can guess that the idea of satan is practical as is the story of the Fall If all the mythology works to make men behave better toward each other then that is all to the good though Kant doesn t hesitate to say the history of human civilization does not tell us this is so Kant admits that from youth we see some people behaving very well and others uite badly as if each is predisposed to this or that behavior He also admits that the concept of free will is a must for his thesis to hold together He states that there may be a physical reason for every bit of our behavior but that until it is shown to be the case and science since has steadily made clear that it is free will must be supposedThus one arrives at the great irony of this work After showing that traditional religious mythology is not to be believed as true on the basis of reason and then using reason to show that one can make a very strong case for religion based on reason alone and even a practical case for mythological belief if it moves people toward good behavior the entire reason based structure stands on the faith that free will exists At the time he wrote free will was accepted just as the idea of a god was accepted on faith for there was nothing else to consider I would argue that not believing in free will is far harder than not believing in a god Who can find it easy to think that there is no me standing over the mindbody and directing daily behaviorKant s was a marvelous intellect eager to address the most difficult problems of philosophy I found Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone revealing and uite educational if not satisfyingI want to thank Jonathan Bennett and his website Early Modern Texts for translations from the German into readable prose overcoming the hurdle of the often opaue writing for which Kant is known

READ & DOWNLOAD ↠ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB µ Immanuel Kant

READ & DOWNLOAD Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft Immanuel Kant µ 7 SUMMARY READ & DOWNLOAD ↠ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB µ Immanuel Kant De religie binnen de grenzen van de rede is Kants reflectie op het ‘radicale kwaad’ in de menselijke natuur Hij onderzoekt daarbij of het goede over dit kwaad kan zegevieren en welke rol de religie. I read this after the Prolegomena but before the three Critiues It is probably best read after reading at least the first two CritiuesKant was of pietist parentage and took it seriously enough not to attend public services in keeping with the injunction to pray in one s closet Well come on this is Kant we re considering here Jesus injunction isn t the reason Kant didn t go to church Kant s agreement with the reason Jesus gave such advice is the reason and such is the nature of this bookIf you are not a Christian but have familiarity with the scriptures then Kant may make you reconsiderRather than go into a lecture on the subject of Kant s ethical religion see my article on the subject posted herein An Infamous Army is Kants reflectie op het ‘radicale kwaad’ L'Aiguillle creuse in de menselijke natuur Hij onderzoekt daarbij of het goede over dit kwaad kan zegevieren en welke rol de religie. I read this after the Prolegomena but before the three Critiues It Remote Viewers The Secret History of America's Psychic Spies is probably best read after reading at least the first two CritiuesKant was of pietist parentage and took Cesario Gussago Sonate a uattro Sei Et Otti it seriously enough not to attend public services The Korean War injunction to pray Sara och Clovnen som grät Sara #4 is Kant we re considering here Jesus The Exclamation Mark Hesperus Classics injunction Enter the Dragon China's Undeclared War Against the US in Korea 1950 51 isn t the reason Kant didn t go to church Kant s agreement with the reason Jesus gave such advice Bruce Lees Kampfstil 2 Bruce Lees Kampfstil #2 is the reason and such Lehrbuch Der Albanischen Sprache is the nature of this bookIf you are not a Christian but have familiarity with the scriptures then Kant may make you reconsiderRather than go Madame Tussaud A Novel of the French Revolution into a lecture on the subject of Kant s ethical religion see my article on the subject posted herein

Immanuel Kant µ 7 SUMMARY

READ & DOWNLOAD Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft Immanuel Kant µ 7 SUMMARY READ & DOWNLOAD ↠ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB µ Immanuel Kant Daarbij kan spelen Ook vandaag de dag is dit boek nog verrassend actueelWat kan ik kennen Wat moet ik doen Wat mag ik hopen Deze drie vragen vormen het centrale punt in de filosofie van Kant De vraag na. I am convinced that people who complain about Kant s philosophy who claim that his writing is dry and that his thought consists in detached intellectualizations with no real bearing on everyday human existence have never paid any attention to his work on religion In his Philosophical Doctrine of Religion as in his argument for moral faith in the postulates of the existence of God and the immortality of the soul Kant s writing is impassioned and edifying his subject matter profound and his concern of a distinctly existential character Perhaps nowhere is this true than in what is sometimes called the Parable of the Righteous Atheist in the Critiue of the Power of Judgment Here we find Kant struggling with the human need for significance the limits of human understanding and the need to reconcile our natural with our rational selves Religion Within the Limits of Mere Reason has largely been neglected as much by professional philosophers as by Kant scholars for the past two hundred years It has alternatively been dismissed as a mere attempt to appease the religious authorities of his time lambasted as an incoherent mess incompatible with the rest of his critical philosophy or explained away as a concession to his devout manservant Lampe Only in the last couple of decades have English language commentators finally begun paying it the attention that it deservesAs reflected in its division into four pieces St cke Religion was originally devised as a series of articles however it was hastily given the form of a book length treatise after a run in with the Prussian authorities The first two of these pieces are primarily concerned with uestions of individual salvation and so function as an extension of the critical moral philosophy In contrast the last two of which are broadly concerned with historical and social progress and are thus best understood as part of Kant s philosophy of history The first piece On the Radical Evil in Human Nature represents a secularization of the doctrine of original sin Here Kant asks whether human beings are good or evil by nature Against the prevailing optimism of Enlightenment thinkers he claims that human beings are by nature fundamentally evil Although we have a disposition to the good he thinks that we are at the same time naturally corrupted by a propensity to evil This propensity is not to be identified with mere sensibility as the Stoics believed but rather designates a tendency on the part of the human will to subordinate the Moral Law to the motives of sensibility The uestion for him is thus how human beings can make themselves morally worthy or as he puts it here how they can make themselves well pleasing to God and restore the purity of their motives Thus phrased the uestion is not merely how one might change their behaviour but how one might undergo a change of heart In the second piece On the Struggle of the Good With the Evil Principle Kant maintains that the general duty of humanity is to elevate itself to the ideal of moral perfection by undergoing just such a change of heart In his view we can conceive of such an ideal only through the idea of a person suffering through the worst trials and yet nonetheless vanuishing the temptation of the evil principle This idea of moral perfection which we cannot help but to think of as the Prototype of Humanity as God intended it is necessarily postulated by pure practical reason as a condition of possibility of moral conversion Only by practical faith in the Prototype of Humanity can we adopt for ourselves the good disposition and undergo the change of heart reuired if we are to become well pleasing to GodThe third piece The Victory of the Good Principle and the Founding of a Kingdom of God on Earth turns its attention from the individual to the social Kant maintains that even after a change of heart the moral convert is always in danger of falling again under the domination of the evil principle through the corrupting influence of others It is therefore his duty to extricate himself from this precarious situation In his view this can only be achieved by establishing what he calls an Ethical Community that is a society organized under freely adopted laws of virtue In Kant s view such a society will necessarily understand itself as ruled by a legislator whose commands are at the same time duties thus by God as moral sovereign of the universe Thus the concept of an Ethical Community is just the concept of a People of God obeying moral laws which is to say that it is the concept of a Church Recalling the doctrine of historical progress set forth in his essay on Perpetual Peace Kant argues that historical religious traditions contain a drive toward the universal religion of reason There is thus a continuous and gradual progress toward an ever expanding Ethical Community which we can understand as the coming of the Kingdom of God on earthThe fourth and final piece On Service and Pseudoservice Under the Dominion of the Good Principle elaborates the relation between historical religious traditions and the pure rational religion Kant maintains that the administrators of a visible historical church serve also the invisible moral Church only when they tailor their teachings to the dictates of pure practical reason Similarly the exegesis of sacred texts must take its guidance from the Moral Law such that the stories and prescriptions found in scripture are never interpreted in such a way as to conflict with pure rational religion The point is not that religious authorities ought to modify the meaning of certain passages but that human reason is able to discover moral truths and that moral truths as moral cannot possibly contradict the will of God Thus passages that appear to conflict with this will must be reframed Unlike say the Critiue of Pure Reason 1781 or the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals 1985 which remain in very large part philsoophically viable Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason is obviously a product of its time Nonetheless it remains an indispensable read for anyone interested in the philosophy and sociology of religion A charitable reading of the book which highlights its historical value is that it constitutes one of the first attempts to outline a modernized religious faith that is a religious faith that remains plausible under modern conditions From this perspective Kant is an important precursor to modern theologians like Paul Tillich Hans K ng Elisabeth Sch ssler Fiorenza and Rudolf Bultmann Though scarcely plausible en bloc certain aspects of Kant s analysis have their merits even now For one interpretation of religion as satisfying moral and existential needs of human beings anticipates the sociological theories of Feuerbach and Durkheim and is corroborated by much contemporary psychology Similarly his conviction that different faiths can adapt themselves to the same set of universal moral strictures is echoed in much liberal political theory most notably in John Rawls s concept of overlapping consensus Finally his harsh critiue of fundamentalism which he calls enthusiasm Schwarmerei is ever relevant in an age marked by increasing religious excesses Combined with the recent revival in scholarly interest in Kant s philosophy of religion this should remind us something here still speaks to us


10 thoughts on “(Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant

  1. says: (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant READ & DOWNLOAD ↠ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB µ Immanuel Kant READ & DOWNLOAD Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft

    (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant I read this after the Prolegomena but before the three Critiues It is probably best read after reading at least the first two CritiuesKant was of pietist parentage and took it seriously enough not to attend public services in keeping

  2. says: (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant

    (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant READ & DOWNLOAD ↠ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB µ Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant µ 7 SUMMARY Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason Religion hereafter is a passionate statement of Kant's mature philosophy of religion As the title suggests Kant believes that religious experience is best understood through rationalism an important philosophical movement in the 18th 19th and 20th centuries that argues we know some things intuit

  3. says: READ & DOWNLOAD ↠ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB µ Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant µ 7 SUMMARY READ & DOWNLOAD Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft

    READ & DOWNLOAD Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant µ 7 SUMMARY I'm sure that this is a towering work of genius and all that but I just don't agree with Kant on very much at all It's a noble project that he undertakes here attempting to find the rational religion that all humans can and indeed must subscribe to It involves peeling back the layers of revealed truths to find the core of rational truth that our reason can testify to What is left however is heavy unwieldy and unappealing and it ro

  4. says: Immanuel Kant µ 7 SUMMARY READ & DOWNLOAD ↠ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB µ Immanuel Kant (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant

    Immanuel Kant µ 7 SUMMARY (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant I am convinced that people who complain about Kant’s philosophy who claim that his writing is dry and that his thought consists in detached intellectualizations with no real bearing on everyday human existence h

  5. says: READ & DOWNLOAD Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant READ & DOWNLOAD ↠ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB µ Immanuel Kant

    READ & DOWNLOAD ↠ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB µ Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant µ 7 SUMMARY READ & DOWNLOAD Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft Kant's work is indispensable for understanding aspects of the Enlightenment that ruptured the early Modern worldview The book reuires lots of time his sentences are unbelievably long but his program and logic are keys for understanding the post modern condition

  6. says: READ & DOWNLOAD Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant µ 7 SUMMARY

    READ & DOWNLOAD Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft Immanuel Kant µ 7 SUMMARY READ & DOWNLOAD ↠ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB µ Immanuel Kant Along the same lines of his Critiue project Kant talks about religion and the limits of reason Kant says that in order to act freely we must have some power to ratify or reject our desires Maxims allow us to accept or reject a given desire and hence allow us to act freely Because a maxim is good only duty inspires it human nature can only be good in accordance with duty or evil in accordance with everyday desires In order to be morally res

  7. says: READ & DOWNLOAD Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant

    (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant When I was a youngster I had to attend church regularly I went through the confirmation process to become an official member of the Methodist Church but the entire experience never touched me either emotionally or intellectually I understood that the underlying idea was to come together with others with the gui

  8. says: (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant µ 7 SUMMARY

    (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant This gets a 3 star liked it not because I agree with Kant's understanding of religion or with his overall philosophical project but because it was so helpful to understand the thought historically downstream of him and Hume who impacted Kant regarding religion and Protestant Christianity

  9. says: (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant

    (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant Another great surprise in my life found on another evening examining the aisles of an ancient indispensable library When it comes down to the mind breaking process of contemplating the ontology of religion this text is a feast for those put off by the current religiosity of atheism Don't tell me that nothing comes next Do

  10. says: (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant µ 7 SUMMARY

    (Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft) PDF FREE ½ Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant µ 7 SUMMARY Essential reading for any ethic modulesdegrees

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

  • Hardcover
  • 266
  • Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der bloßen Vernunft
  • Immanuel Kant
  • Dutch
  • 15 April 2018
  • null