E–pub/E–book [Eichmann vor JerusalemDas unbehelligte Leben eines Massenmörders]

  • Hardcover
  • 608
  • Eichmann vor JerusalemDas unbehelligte Leben eines Massenmörders
  • Bettina Stangneth
  • en
  • 06 October 2019
  • 9780307959676

Bettina Stangneth È 9 Read & Download

Read & Download Eichmann vor JerusalemDas unbehelligte Leben eines Massenmörders Bettina Stangneth È 9 Read & Download Read Ú E-book, or Kindle E-pub È Bettina Stangneth Usalem as an overworked bureaucrat following orders no he said than “just a small cog in Adolf Hitler’s extermination machine” How was this carefully crafted obfuscation possible How did a central architect of the Final Solution manage to disappear And what had he done with his time while in hiding Bettina Stangneth the first to comprehensively analyze than 1300 pages of Eichmann’s own recently discovered written notes as well as seventy three extensive audio reel recordings of a crowded Nazi salon held weekly during the 1950s in a popular district of Buenos Aires draws a chilling portrait not of a reclusive ta. Eichmann s Extraordinary Evil Review of Eichmann Before Jerusalem by Bettina StangnethIn Eichmann Before Jerusalem The Unexamined Life of a Mass Murderer New York Random House 2014 Bettina Stangneth challenges Hannah Arendt s hypothesis that Eichmann represents the banality of evil an ordinary man turned mass murder by extraordinary circumstances the war and the rise of Nazi totalitarianism The image of Eichmann that emerges from Stangneth s book is one of a charming chameleon that deceives others about his intentions and his credentials Without knowing than a few words of Yiddish and having no knowledge of Hebrew Eichmann relied upon the smattering of Jewish culture he got by spying on Jewish leaders to climb the political ladder and obtain an official function as Head of Department of Jewish Affairs in the SD Security Service of the Nazi Party Although most of the time he gave the impression of being calm and reserved he would fly off into an ideological rage similar to Hitler s whenever his objectives were frustrated or when it served his purposes such as to intimidate Jewish leaders into complying with his orders As if with the flip of a switch however Eichmann could instantly revert to being courteous and collected for instance when a German woman would step into one of the ideological meeting His emotions like his attachments were shallow Although he remained loyal to his wife Veronika Liebl he cheated on her and dominated her At one point he boasted that he tore up the Bible of his highly religious wife though eventually he allowed her to practice Christianity Their dominance bond was uite strong however since Vera patiently and faithfully waited for years while her husband lived in hiding after the war and eventually joined him in Argentina where he managed to escape justice for eleven years The picture that emerges from Stangneth s book is not that of an ordinary man corrupted by power in a totalitarian regime as Arendt famously indicates in Eichmann in Jerusalem A report on the banality of evil but that of a psychopath a highly narcissistic man without remorse without conscience and without the capacity for forming deeper human attachments Hungry for power Eichmann unscrupulously adapts himself to the norms of the Nazi regime even anticipating Hitler s wishes to implement a program of exterminating the Jews after the German invasion of Russia in 1941 War enabled the Nazis to carry out what couldn t be achieved during peacetime a systematic genocide of unprecedented proportions carried out at least in the Eastern campaign openly and often with the collaboration of the local populations Eichmann became responsible for the mass deportations of nearly 6 million Jews to concentration camps where most victims were sent to the gas chambers Far from merely following orders as he later stated during his defense in the trial in Jerusalem Eichmann showed great enthusiasm and initiative for mass murder In 1944 when even Himmler had begun to reverse course and issued an order to stop the Jewish deportations Eichmann went to Hungary to personally oversee the deportation and extermination of the Hungarian Jews With astonishing efficiency in a few months Eichmann managed to send 437000 Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz where about 80 percent were killed on the spot and most of the rest died afterwards from hunger abuse or disease Only the heroic actions of the Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg prevented him from sending all of the Jews of Budapest to their deaths Interestingly like most psychopaths Eichmann was a bully only with those in a position of weakness When Wallenberg confronted him face to face and stopped the deportation of hundreds of Jews Eichmann didn t do anything to stop him Only afterwards behind his back he railed against the Wallenberg calling him a Jewish dog and an interventionist Turning moral norms upside down Eichmann felt that all those who expedited genocide were courageous heroes and those who fought against it were cowards and weaklings Although highly manipulative and versatile Eichmann remained to the very end a man without conscience After the war he even expressed great pride in his genocidal actions stating that he would leap laughing into the grave because the feeling that he had five million people on his conscience would be for him a source of extraordinary satisfaction He may have boasted about his actions but like most psychopaths Eichmann didn t want to have to pay their conseuences After Germany s defeat in 1945 he fled to Austria and later in 1950 to Argentina There he joined a community of Nazi expatriates Far from leading a uiet anonymous life this mass murderer longed for his former glory and power In fact Eichmann even planned to write a book based on a series of interviews with Willem Sassen a Dutch collaborator and Nazi journalist also hiding in Argentina that would not only leave his Nazi legacy for posterity but also he hoped instigate a second coming of the Third Reich during his lifetime Perhaps it was this psychopath s extraordinary hubris that finally did him in Eventually the Mossad Israel s Intelligence Service caught up with him in 1960 and brought him to Jerusalem to stand trial He was charged among other things with war crimes crimes against humanity and crimes against the Jewish people The jury found Eichmann guilty on all counts He was executed by hanging on May 31 1962 Perhaps no book on the subject can compete in its influence with Eichmann in Jerusalem but in one significant respect I found Bettina Stangneth s account far accurate than Arendt s Eichmann s evil was anything but banal Claudia MoscoviciHolocaust Memory

Read & Download Eichmann vor JerusalemDas unbehelligte Leben eines MassenmördersEichmann vor JerusalemDas unbehelligte Leben eines Massenmörders

Read & Download Eichmann vor JerusalemDas unbehelligte Leben eines Massenmörders Bettina Stangneth È 9 Read & Download Read Ú E-book, or Kindle E-pub È Bettina Stangneth A total and groundbreaking reassessment of the life of Adolf Eichmann a superb work of scholarship that reveals his activities and notoriety among a global network of National Socialists following the collapse of the Third Reich and that permanently challenges Hannah Arendt’s notion of the “banality of evil” Smuggled out of Europe after the collapse of Germany Eichmann managed to live a peaceful and active exile in Argentina for years before his capture by the Mossad Though once widely known by nicknames such as “Manager of the Holocaust” in 1961 he was able to portray himself from the defendant’s box in Jer. Eichmann Before Jerusalem For the last 50 years we have looked at Adolf Eichmann through the prism of Hannah Arendt s reporting for the New Yorker on his trial and later her book Eichmann in Jerusalem A Report on the Banality of Evil This was her examination of Eichmann as someone who was a bored bureaucrat who felt neither guilt or hatred That he was an obedient servant who was ignorant of what was happening to the Jews that he was nothing than a state flunky who operated from a desk unuestioning the regime and submissive to the dehumanisation of the Reich bureaucracy He book was controversial and has had a lasting effect so much so that has only recently been published in Israel for the first timeOne thing that cannot be denied is that Arendt s book has held a lot of sway for the last 50 years on how we think of Eichmann and the Holocaust Bettina Stangneth s book Eichmann Before Jerusalem The Unexamined Life Of A Mass Murderer looks to challenge previous misconceptions Stagneth has been able to use recently opened archives as well as the infamous Sassen Interviews which really shows what Eichmann thought and said while he was in ArgentinaBettina Stagneth through her well researched excellent and incisive argument has written a book that challenges the banality of evil with new evidence some of which has always been available but ignored this is a fresh and informed reassessment of the Eichmann historical debate When talking about Eichmann not only will Arendt s work be used but Stangneth s work will be reuired reading for the debateBettina Stagneth through her book and her well written argument shows that Eichmann constructs a defence in Jerusalem is a reinvention of his persona something that when your life is on the line it is a throw of the dice Stagneth takes you through Eichmann the person from the beginning to the end and does not fall for the show he put on in Jerusalem to show that he was anything but a boring bureaucrat or technocrat that was just performing his job as ordered by the stateBy reconstructing Eichmann s history Bettina Stagneth is able to demolish the long health myth that he was just a small cog and showing how evil and manipulative he really was That even when he has escaped the clutches of the allies he still held the view that Jews were evil and needed destroying Which is opposed to the picture of Eichmann set in the dock as a cautious bureaucrat and tried to hide his fanatical sideStagneth guides us through Eichmann s life as the renowned Jewish expert in the SD machine and this was acknowledged in the newspapers in 1937 and 1938 by newspapers in London and Paris They name him and know that before he moved to Berlin he was based in the SD office in Vienna and it was from here that his infamy grew He was one that wanted the oxygen of publicity to feel important to the Reich and the growing power of the GestapoThrough the many documents that are available about Eichmann Bettina Stagneth reconstructs his life through the 1930s his war years and what he was doing again showing that his name was well known by German and Jew alike striking fear in to the Jewish communityWe are taken through his capture and his time as a POW and how he used a different name to hide who he really was and knew he need to escape if he were to survive We are also shown how previous SS colleagues and comrades helped to hide in plain sight under another assumed name even when the newspapers were reporting stories about him How with the aid of the rat runs he was able to a escape to Argentina via Genoa that he never met Bishop Hudal and how he was able to SS contacts to escapeStagneth also shows that with his new name in Argentina as Ricardo Klement he was able to move happily amongst fellow unrepentant Nazis How those unrepentant Nazis were able to help him find work use their contacts to keep his family informed and eventually bring his family to him even while they were under surveillance by those searching for himStagneth also highlights the fact that the West German Intelligence Service knew that Eichmann was in Argentina in 1952 and it was not until 1958 that the CIA found out via the dusty card references What we do know is that German Intelligence Service hand in keeping Eichmann where he was and the moral dilemma behind it until the papers are declassified Eichmann like many leading Nazis believed that history would eventually exonerate him and the Third Reich and went as far as drafting a letter in 1957 to the German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer suggesting that he returns to Germany to stand trial so that he would get a light sentence and be able to return home Whether this was encouraged by the former Nazis in place in the German Foreign Affairs Office we will never know until the documents are declassifiedEichmann before Jerusalem is one of the most readable historical accounts of one person s life and at last breaks down the myths that grew around him Bettina Stagneth shows how he signed pictures of himself for his friends showing his former rank This book is one of the most meticulously researched books that has not been blown off course by what has been written before This book proves the case for Eichmann s guilt and shows what he did and how he tried to mask it if you have done nothing wrong you do not need to hideBettina Stagneth breaks the Hannah Arendt s myth on the banality of evil and lays out the case to show without doubt that he was guilty as charged Stagneth shows that Eichmann knew exactly what he was doing before during and after the war and he was than a bureaucrat but the author of his own downfall I cannot recommend this book highly enough one of the best history books I have read this year

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Read & Download Eichmann vor JerusalemDas unbehelligte Leben eines Massenmörders Bettina Stangneth È 9 Read & Download Read Ú E-book, or Kindle E-pub È Bettina Stangneth Citurn war criminal on the run but of a highly skilled social manipulator with an inexhaustible ability to reinvent himself  an unrepentant murderer eager for acolytes with whom to discuss past glories while vigorously planning future goals with other like minded fugitives A work that continues to garner immense international attention and acclaim Eichmann Before Jerusalem maps out the astonishing links between innumerable past Nazis from ace Luftwaffe pilots to SS henchmen both in exile and in Germany and reconstructs in detail the postwar life of one of the Holocaust’s principal organizers as no other book has done. I feel bad about giving this book a relatively low rating because in many ways it s an impressive achievement in Nazi and World War II studies But alas the Goodreads rating system is geared toward personal impressions Simply put Bettina Stangneth s Eichmann Before Jerusalem The Unexamined Life of a Mass Murderer is not for beginners It presupposes knowledge of Eichmann both what he did and what happened to him Case in point EBJ is essentially a rebuttal to the immensely influential Eichmann in Jerusalem A Report on the Banality of Evil 1963 Even the Unexamined in the subtitle of Stangneth s book comes off as a passive aggressive swipe Because of this minutiae is analyzed to a dizzying extent eg Stangneth donates much of the book to the Sassen interviews So if you don t know right offhand what those are that s a sign that EBJ may be a slog What s frustrating about all this is that the story of Otto Adolph Eichmann is one of the most fascinating of World War II not to mention satisfying And that s the thing because Stangneth assumes the reader already knows about Eichmann s life and times she glosses over the good parts instead focusing on relatively uninteresting topics ad nauseam Of course it s not all bad The book does yield some interesting information including exactly how Argentina became the de facto retirement community for Third Reichers And EBJ is the product of much thought and research keep in mind that the author s literally a philosopher yet the target audience for this book is those who have already read extensively about the Nazis like possibly 50 books or