[E–pub New] (Dark Territory The Secret History of Cyber War) BY Fred Kaplan

  • Hardcover
  • 339
  • Dark Territory The Secret History of Cyber War
  • Fred Kaplan
  • English
  • 03 March 2020
  • 9781476763255

Fred Kaplan ¼ 7 Summary

Dark Territory The Secret History of Cyber War characters à 7 review Dark Territory The Secret History of Cyber War Fensive operation Fred Kaplan tells the story of the NSA and the Pentagon as they explore exploit fight and defend the US Dark Territory reveals all the details including the 1998 incident when someone hacked into major US military commands and it wasn't Ira but two teenagers from California; how Israeli jets bomb a nuclear reactor in Syria in 2007 by hacking into Syrian air defense radar system; the time in 2014 when North Korea hacks Sony's networks to pressure the studio to cancel a major Hollywood blockbuster; and many Dark Territory is the most urgent and controversial topic in national defense polic. Description In June 1983 President Reagan watched the movie War Games in which a kid unwittingly hacks the Pentagon and asked his top general if the scenario was plausible The general said it was This set in motion the first presidential directive on computer securityThe first use of cyber techniues in battle occurred in George HW Bush s Kuwait invasion in 1991 to disable Saddam s military communications One year later the NSA Director watched Sneakers in which one of the characters says wars will soon be decided not by bullets or bombs but by information The NSA and the Pentagon have been rowing over control of cyber weapons ever sinceFrom the 1994 aborted US invasion of Haiti when the plan was to neutralize Haitian air defenses by making all the telephones in Haiti busy at the same time to Obama s Defense Department 2015 report on cyber policy that spells out the lead role played by our offensive operation Fred Kaplan tells the story of the NSA and the Pentagon as they explore exploit fight and defend the US Dark Territory reveals all the details including the 1998 incident when someone hacked into major US military commands and it wasn t Ira but two teenagers from California how Israeli jets bomb a nuclear reactor in Syria in 2007 by hacking into Syrian air defense radar system the time in 2014 when North Korea hacks Sony s networks to pressure the studio to cancel a major Hollywood blockbuster and many Dark Territory is the most urgent and controversial topic in national defense policy Surprise

review Dark Territory The Secret History of Cyber War

Dark Territory The Secret History of Cyber War

Dark Territory The Secret History of Cyber War characters à 7 review Dark Territory The Secret History of Cyber War Echniues in battle occurred in George HW Bush's Kuwait invasion in 1991 to disable Saddam's military communications One year later the NSA Director watched Sneakers in which one of the characters says wars will soon be decided not by bullets or bombs but by information The NSA and the Pentagon have been rowing over control of cyber weapons ever sinceFrom the 1994 aborted US invasion of Haiti when the plan was to neutralize Haitian air defenses by making all the telephones in Haiti busy at the same time to Obama's Defense Department 2015 report on cyber policy that spells out the lead role played by our of. Occasionally I come across a book on an important topic that s crammed with information I was able to find nowhere else but is a chore to read Even though it is not an academic study but clearly intended for a general audience Fred Kaplan s recent history of cyber war Dark Territory is one such bookA story stretching over five decadesUnlike previous treatments that I ve read about the topic which zero in on the vulnerability of the American economy to attacks through cyberspace Dark Territory traces the history of our government s slowly growing awareness of the threat beginning nearly half a century ago Then a prescient Pentagon scientist wrote a paper warning about the dangers inherent in computer networks Apparently though no one in a position to do anything about it paid much attention to himKaplan identifies an incident fully fifteen years later in 1984 when President Ronald Reagan a movie fan of course saw the film War Games He ueried the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at a top level White House meeting whether it was possible for a teenager like the one portrayed in the film by Matthew Broderick to hack into sensitive Pentagon computers When the chairman General John Vessey reported some time later that the feat was in fact possible Reagan called for and later signed the government s first policy directive on the topic of cyber war But that too led to no significant change at the Pentagon or anywhere else in the federal governmentDark Territory is filled with revealing anecdotes like this based on what surely was top secret information not long ago Kaplan reveals many little known details about the Russian cyber war on Estonia and Ukraine the Chinese Army s prodigious hacking of American corporations and the Pentagon the massive North Korean assault on Sony Iran s disabling of 20000 computers in Sheldon Adelson s casino empire and the successful US Israeli attack on Iran s nuclear infrastructure Kaplan also reveals the reason why US complaints about China s cyber attacks have fallen on deaf ears it turns out that the National Security Agency is attacking the Chinese government in much the same way As The Guardian revealed in 2013 the NSA had launched than 61000 cyber operation including attacks on hundreds of computers in Hong Kong and mainland China The book casts a particularly harsh light on the Administration of George W Bush Bush Cheney Rumsfeld and other senior officials in the early 2000s cavalierly dismissed urgent reports from national security and intelligence officials that the threat of cyber war and the vulnerability of the US economy were growing at an alarming rate Only under Bush s successor did reality strongly take hold As Kaplan writes During Barack Obama s presidency cyber warfare took off emerging as one of the few sectors in the defense budget that soared while others stayed stagnant or declined It s difficult to understand how anyone who was awake could have failed to grasp the problem For example a war game conducted in 1997 was intended to test the vulnerability of the Pentagon s computer systems within two weeks But the game was over the entire defense establishment s network was penetrated in four days The National Military Command Center the facility that would transmit orders from the president of the United States in wartime was hacked on the first day And most of the officers manning those servers didn t even know they d been hacked Not long afterwards the Pentagon was hacked in a similar way by two 16 year old boys in San Francisco And when national security officials widened the scope of their attention to encompass the country s critical civilian infrastructure such as the electricity grid they were shocked to discover that the situation was far worse The Pentagon eventually bowed to the warnings and implemented needed security measures But private corporations blatantly refused to do so because they didn t want to spend the money and Congress declined to allow the federal government to make security measures obligatoryUnfortunately Kaplan s book is poorly organized It s roughly structured along chronological lines but jumps back and forth through time with such regularity as to be dizzying And it s crammed so full of the names of sometimes obscure government officials and military officers that it becomes even difficult to follow the thread of the storyHowever these challenges aside a picture clearly emerges from Dark Territory For decades the American public has been at the mercy of incompetent and pigheaded people in sensitive positions in the government the military and private industry and we still are Bureaucratic games proliferate Politics intrude Inter service rivalries abound Personal grudges get in the way Repeatedly some of those who are entrusted with the security of the American people make what even at the time could easily be seen as stupid decisionsOther takes on cyber warLast year I read and reviewed a book titled Future Crimes Everything Is Connected Everyone Is Vulnerable and What We Can Do About It by Marc Goodman I described it as the scariest book I ve read in years Five years earlier I read Cyber War The Next Threat to National Security and What to Do About It by Richard A Clarke and Robert K Knake From the early 1970s until George W Bush s invasion of Ira Clarke filled high level national security positions under seven Presidents so he knows whereof he writes He resigned in protest over the invasion of Ira which he thought distracted the government from the real threats facing the country Not long afterward I read and reviewed Worm The First Digital World War by Mark Bowden a much focused treatment of the topic a case study really but eually unsettlingThough less current all three of these books are better organized and readable than Dark Territory Admittedly though Kaplan s book reveals the history that is only hinted at in the othersAbout the authorFred Kaplan wrote five previous books about the nuclear arms race and other topics bearing on US national security He was on a team at the Boston Globe in 1983 that won a Pulitzer Prize for a series about the nuclear arms race

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Dark Territory The Secret History of Cyber War characters à 7 review Dark Territory The Secret History of Cyber War The never before told story of the computer scientists and the NSA Pentagon and White House policymakers who invented and employ the wars of the present and future the cyber wars where every country can be a major power player and every hacker a mass destroyer as reported by a Pulitzer Prize winning security and defense journalistIn June 1983 President Reagan watched the movie War Games in which a kid unwittingly hacks the Pentagon and asked his top general if the scenario was plausible The general said it was This set in motion the first presidential directive on computer securityThe first use of cyber t. This is compelling book about a worldwide issue that s underreported under addressed and honestly terrifying Governments have been hacking into their rivals computers for decades but it s taken nearly as long for cyber attacks to be considered a genuine threat This also could have a real snoozer of a book given the complexity of the topic But Kaplan and the audiobook narrator Malcolm Hillgartner make it easier to understand than I expected That said I could probably gain even insight and recall of facts by listening a second time But maybe that s just me and my wandering attention span Kaplan lays out the bureaucratic infighting and ignorance that delayed the viability of both offensive and defensive cyber warfare He explains the background and motivations of the major players including Presidents since Reagan In addition he explains the vulnerabilities of commerce power government and Internet systems on a national and international scale If I could wish for one thing it would be to hear what he thinks of the developments in the years since the book s publication I highly recommend this for techies political junkies and regular folks